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Bride Price: Tradition, Controversy, and Modern Adaptation

Bride price, also known as bride token or dowry, a longstanding tradition in many cultures worldwide, particularly in Africa, is a subject of much debate. Proponents argue that it's a vital part of the marriage journey, while critics view it as an outdated practice that puts pressure on young couples. In this post, we'll explore the global and African perspectives on bride price, its practice in Ghana, the pros and cons, its relevance in pop culture, cosmopolitanism, modern marriages, and whether it's time to put the practice in the archives.

Overview of Bride Price: Global and African Perspectives

Bride price is a custom where the groom or his family gives money, property, or other valuable assets to the bride's family as a gesture of goodwill and commitment. It has been a part of various cultures across the globe, including Asia, the Americas, and Africa. In Africa, bride price is deeply rooted in tradition and serves as an integral aspect of the marriage process. It varies in practice and significance depending on the community, with some requiring a symbolic token, while others demand substantial monetary payments or property.

Bride Price in Ghana: Customs and Practices

In Ghana, bride price is commonly practised among various ethnic groups, such as the Akan, Ewe, and Ga-Adangbe. Families of the bride and groom typically negotiate the bride price, which often includes cash, livestock, and material goods, as well as symbolic items like kente cloth or traditional drinks. Though specific requirements may differ, the overarching principle is that the bride price demonstrates the groom's ability to provide for his new wife and her family.

Pros and Cons of Bride Price


  • Cultural significance: Bride price upholds a cherished tradition, allowing families to honor their cultural heritage.

  • Family bonding: The negotiation process can foster unity and cooperation between both families.

  • Economic support: The bride price can provide financial assistance to the bride's family, particularly in low-income communities.


  • Financial burden: High bride prices can put undue pressure on the groom and his family, potentially leading to debt or marital strain.

  • Objectification: Critics argue that the practice commodifies women, equating their worth to a monetary value.

  • Gender inequality: Bride price can reinforce traditional gender roles and perpetuate the idea that women are reliant on men for financial support.

Relevance in Pop Culture

Bride price remains a relevant topic in pop culture, featuring in movies, music, and literature. Some productions portray bride price as a romantic gesture or a testament to the bond between families, while others critique the practice, highlighting its potential negative consequences.

Relevance in Cosmopolitanism and Modern Marriages

As society becomes more globalized and interconnected, the relevance of bride price in cosmopolitan and modern marriages is increasingly questioned. With evolving gender roles and a growing emphasis on equality, many couples are reevaluating the bride price tradition and adapting it to suit their values. Some opt for symbolic gestures or more equitable arrangements in place of the traditional monetary exchange.

Is it Worth Keeping or Time to Archive the Tradition?

The decision to keep or archive the bride price tradition ultimately depends on individual and societal values. As attitudes towards gender roles and equality continue to evolve, it's crucial to consider the potential negative consequences of bride price, such as objectification and financial burden. However, there's also room for adaptation, allowing for the tradition to be practiced in a more equitable and symbolic manner that respects the autonomy and worth of both the bride and the groom.

Best Practices to Prevent Bride Price from Becoming a Burden

  • Open communication: Encourage honest discussions between the families about the bride price, considering both parties' financial situations and cultural expectations.

  • Prioritize symbolism: Focus on the cultural and symbolic importance of the bride price, rather than emphasizing monetary value.

  • Promote equality: Strive for equitable arrangements that respect the autonomy and worth of both the bride and the groom.

  • Establish limits: Communities can set reasonable caps on bride price amounts to prevent excessive financial demands.

  • Educate and raise awareness: Encourage open dialogue about the pros and cons of bride price, fostering understanding and promoting positive change.


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